Anchšoovislased (Engraulidae)

anchšoovislased (Engraulidae) [Anchovy], 

heeringlaste seltsi kuuluv kalade sugukond; sugukonda kuulub 17 perekonda ja neis on kokku 145 kalaliiki. Elutsevad peamiselt troopika ja lähistroopika rannavees.

Sarnanevad välimuselt räimega, kuid nad on väikesed (kuni 20 cm) ja suure suuga; toituvad planktonist. Elavad sageli tohutuis parvedes. Rohkuse ja maitsvuse pärast (rasvasus kuni 29%) püütakse an¹šoovislasi palju, nad on maailma kalasaagis esikohal; tähtsad on nad ka mereröövloomade toiduna.

Lõuna pool Norra rannikut elutseb euroopa anchoovis ehk hamsa (Engraulis encrasicholus), seda turustatakse peamiselt soolatult ja konservidena. Kaug-Ida meredest püütakse jaapani anchoovist (E. japonicus). Maailma kõige hulgalisem töönduskala on Lõuna-Ameerika läänerannikumeres elav peruu anchšoovis (E. ringens).

Anchšoovisekonservideks nimetatakse ka muudest väikestest heeringalistest valmistatud konserve.

Anchoovislaste perekonnad ja liigid:

Amazonsprattus (1 liik)
Amazonsprattus scintilla (Roberts, 1984) (Rio Negro pygmy anchovy)

Anchovia (3 liiki)
 Anchovia clupeoides (Swainson, 1839) (Zabaleta anchovy)
 Anchovia macrolepidota (Kner, 1863) (Bigscale anchovy)
 Anchovia surinamensis (Bleeker, 1865) (Surinam anchovy)

Cetengraulis (2 liiki)
 Cetengraulis edentulus (Cuvier, 1829) (Atlantic Anchoveta)
 Cetengraulis mysticetus (Günther, 1867) (Pacific anchoveta)

Encrasicholina (5 liiki)
 Encrasicholina devisi (Whitley, 1940) (Devis' anchovy)
 Encrasicholina heteroloba (Rüppell, 1837) (Shorthead anchovy)
 Encrasicholina oligobranchus (Wongratana, 1983) (Philippine anchovy)
 Encrasicholina punctifer Fowler, 1938 (Buccaneer anchovy)
 Encrasicholina purpurea (Fowler, 1900) (Nehu)

Jurengraulis (1 liik)
 Jurengraulis juruensis (Boulenger, 1898) (Jurua anchovy)

Lycothrissa (1liik)
 Lycothrissa crocodilus (Bleeker, 1850) (Sabretoothed thryssa), lükotriss

Pseudosetipinna (1 liik)
 Pseudosetipinna haizhouensis  Peng & Zhao, 1988

Setipinna, harjasuimed (8 liiki)
 Setipinna breviceps (Cantor, 1849) (Shorthead hairfin anchovy)
 Setipinna brevifilis (Valenciennes, 1848) (Short-finned hairfin anchovy)
 Setipinna melanochir (Bleeker, 1849) (Dusky Hairfin anchovy)
 Setipinna paxtoni (Wongratana, 1987) (Humpback hairfin anchovy)
 Setipinna phasa (F. Hamilton, 1822) (Gangetic hairfin anchovy)
 Setipinna taty (Valenciennes, 1848) (Scaly hairfin anchovy)
 Setipinna tenuifilis (Valenciennes, 1848) (Common hairfin anchovy)
 Setipinna wheeleri (Wongratana, 1983) (Burma hairfin anchovy)

Thryssa (24 liiki)
 Thryssa adelae (Rutter, 1897) (Swatow thryssa)
 Thryssa aestuaria (J. D. Ogilby, 1910) (Estuarine thryssa)
 Thryssa baelama (Forsskål, 1775) (Baelama anchovy)
 Thryssa brevicauda T. R. Roberts, 1978 (Short-tail thryssa)
 Thryssa chefuensis (Günther, 1874) (Chefoo thryssa)
 Thryssa dayi Wongratana, 1983 (Day's thryssa)
 Thryssa dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1848) (Dussumier's thryssa)
 Thryssa encrasicholoides (Bleeker, 1852) (False baelama anchovy)
 Thryssa gautamiensis Babu Rao, 1971 (Gautama thryssa)
 Thryssa hamiltonii J. E. Gray, 1835 (Hamilton's thryssa)
 Thryssa kammalensis (Bleeker, 1849) (Kammal thryssa)
 Thryssa kammalensoides Wongratana, 1983 (Godavari thryssa)
 Thryssa malabarica (Bloch, 1795) (Malabar thryssa)
 Thryssa marasriae Wongratana, 1987 (Marasri's thryssa)
 Thryssa mystax (Bloch & J. G. Schneider, 1801) (Moustached thryssa)
 Thryssa polybranchialis Wongratana, 1983 (Humphead thryssa)
 Thryssa purava (F. Hamilton, 1822) (Oblique-jaw thryssa)
 Thryssa rastrosa T. R. Roberts, 1978 (Fly River thryssa)
 Thryssa scratchleyi (E. P. Ramsay & J. D. Ogilby, 1886) (Freshwater anchovy)
 Thryssa setirostris (Broussonet, 1782) (Longjaw thryssa)
 Thryssa spinidens (D. S. Jordan & Seale, 1925) (Bengal thryssa)
 Thryssa stenosoma Wongratana, 1983 (Slender thryssa)
 Thryssa vitrirostris (Gilchrist & W. W. Thompson, 1908) (Orangemouth anchovy)
 Thryssa whiteheadi Wongratana, 1983 (Whitehead's thryssa)

Anchoa, antchoad (35 liiki)
 Anchoa analis (R. R. Miller, 1945) (Longfin Pacific anchovy)
 Anchoa argentivittata (Regan, 1904) (Regan's anchovy)
 Anchoa belizensis (Thomerson & D. W. Greenfield, 1975) (Belize anchovy)
 Anchoa cayorum (Fowler, 1906) (Key anchovy)
 Anchoa chamensis Hildebrand, 1943 (Chame Point anchovy)
 Anchoa choerostoma (Goode, 1874) (Bermuda anchovy)
 Anchoa colonensis Hildebrand, 1943 (Narrow-striped anchovy)
 Anchoa compressa (Girard, 1858) (Deep-body anchovy)
 Anchoa cubana (Poey, 1868) (Cuban anchovy)
 Anchoa curta (D. S. Jordan & C. H. Gilbert, 1882) (Short anchovy)
 Anchoa delicatissima (Girard, 1854) (Slough anchovy)
 Anchoa eigenmannia (Meek & Hildebrand, 1923) (Eigenmann's anchovy)
 Anchoa exigua (D. S. Jordan & C. H. Gilbert, 1882)
 Anchoa filifera (Fowler, 1915) (Longfinger anchovy)
 Anchoa helleri (C. L. Hubbs, 1921) (Heller's anchovy)
 Anchoa hepsetus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Broad-striped anchovy)
 Anchoa ischana (D. S. Jordan & C. H. Gilbert, 1882) (Slender anchovy)
 Anchoa januaria (Steindachner, 1879) (Rio anchovy)
 Anchoa lamprotaenia Hildebrand, 1943 (Big-eye anchovy)
 Anchoa lucida (D. S. Jordan & Gilbert, 1882) (Bright anchovy)
 Anchoa lyolepis (Evermann & M. C. Marsh, 1900) (Shortfinger anchovy)
 Anchoa marinii Hildebrand, 1943 (Marini's anchovy)
 Anchoa mitchilli (Valenciennes, 1848) (Bay anchovy)
 Anchoa mundeola (C. H. Gilbert & Pierson, 1898) (False Panama anchovy)
 Anchoa mundeoloides (Breder, 1928) (Northern Gulf anchovy)
 Anchoa nasus (Kner & Steindachner, 1867) (Longnose anchovy)
 Anchoa panamensis (Steindachner, 1877) (Panama anchovy)
 Anchoa parva (Meek & Hildebrand, 1923) (Little anchovy)
 Anchoa pectoralis Hildebrand, 1943 (Bigfin anchovy)
 Anchoa scofieldi (D. S. Jordan & Culver, 1895) (Scofield's anchovy)
 Anchoa spinifer (Valenciennes, 1848) (Spicule anchovy)
 Anchoa starksi (C. H. Gilbert & Pierson, 1898) (Starks' anchovy)
 Anchoa tricolor (Spix & Agassiz, 1829) (Piquitinga anchovy)
 Anchoa trinitatis (Fowler, 1915) (Trinidad anchovy)
 Anchoa walkeri W. J. Baldwin & Chang, 1970 (Walker's anchovy)

Anchoviella (16 liiki)
Anchoviella alleni (Myers, 1940)
Anchoviella balboae (Jordan & Seale, 1926)
Anchoviella blackburni Hildebrand, 1943
Anchoviella brevirostris (Günther, 1868)
Anchoviella carrikeri Fowler, 1940
Anchoviella cayennensis (Puyo, 1946)
Anchoviella elongata (Meek & Hildebrand, 1923)
Anchoviella jamesi (Jordan & Seale, 1926)
Anchoviella juruasanga Loeb, 2012
Anchoviella lepidentostole (Fowler, 1911)
Anchoviella manamensis Cervigón, 1982
Anchoviella perezi Cervigón, 1987
Anchoviella perfasciata (Poey, 1860) (Poey's anchovy)
Anchoviella nattereri (Steindachner, 1879)
Anchoviella vaillanti (Steindachner, 1908) (Vaillant's anchovy)
Anchoviella guianensis (Eigenmann, 1912)

Coilia [Grenadier anchovies], koiliad (13 liiki)
 Coilia borneensis Bleeker, 1852 (Bornean grenadier anchovy)
 Coilia brachygnathus Kreyenberg & Pappenheim, 1908 (Yangtse grenadier anchovy)
 Coilia coomansi Hardenberg, 1934 (Cooman's grenadier anchovy)
 Coilia dussumieri Valenciennes, 1848 (Goldspotted grenadier anchovy)
 Coilia grayii J. Richardson, 1845 (Gray's grenadier anchovy)
 Coilia lindmani Bleeker, 1858 (Lindman's grenadier anchovy)
 Coilia macrognathos Bleeker, 1852 (Longjaw grenadier anchovy)
 Coilia mystus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osbeck's grenadier anchovy)
 Coilia nasus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 (Japanese grenadier anchovy)
 Coilia neglecta Whitehead, 1967 (Neglected grenadier anchovy)
 Coilia ramcarati (F. Hamilton, 1822) (Ramcarat grenadier anchovy)
 Coilia rebentischii Bleeker, 1858 (Many-fingered grenadier anchovy)
 Coilia reynaldi Valenciennes, 1848 (Reynald's grenadier anchovy)

Engraulis, anchoovised (9 liiki)
 Engraulis albidus Borsa, Collet & J. D. Durand, 2004 (White anchovy)
 Engraulis anchoita C. L. Hubbs & Marini, 1935 (Argentine anchoita)
 Engraulis australis (J. White, 1790) (Australian anchovy)
 Engraulis capensis Gilchrist, 1913 (Southern African anchovy)
 Engraulis encrasicolus (Linnaeus, 1758) (European anchovy)
 Engraulis eurystole (Swain & Meek, 1885) (Silver anchovy)
 Engraulis japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 (Japanese anchovy)
 Engraulis mordax Girard, 1854 (Californian anchovy)
 Engraulis ringens Jenyns, 1842 (Peruvian anchoveta)

Lycengraulis, jõeanchoovised
 Lycengraulis batesii (Günther, 1868) (Bates' sabretooth anchovy)
 Lycengraulis figueiredoi Loeb & Alcântara, 2013
 Lycengraulis grossidens (Agassiz, 1829) (Atlantic sabretooth anchovy)
 Lycengraulis limnichthys L. P. Schultz, 1949
 Lycengraulis poeyi (Kner, 1863) (Pacific sabretooth anchovy)

Papuengraulis (1 liik)
 Papuengraulis micropinna Munro, 1964 (Littlefin anchovy)

Pterengraulis (1 liik)
 Pterengraulis atherinoides  (Linnaeus, 1766) (Wingfin anchovy)

Stolephorus, stolefoorid (20 liiki)
 Stolephorus advenus Wongratana, 1987 (False Indian anchovy)
 Stolephorus andhraensis Babu Rao, 1966 (Andhra anchovy)
 Stolephorus apiensis (D. S. Jordan & Seale, 1906) (Samoan anchovy)
 Stolephorus baganensis Hardenberg, 1933 (Bagan anchovy)
 Stolephorus brachycephalus Wongratana, 1983 (Broadhead anchovy)
 Stolephorus carpentariae (De Vis, 1882) (Gulf of Carpentaria anchovy)
 Stolephorus chinensis (Günther, 1880) (China anchovy)
 Stolephorus commersonnii Lacépède, 1803 (Commerson's anchovy)
 Stolephorus dubiosus Wongratana, 1983 (Thai anchovy)
 Stolephorus holodon (Boulenger, 1900) (Natal anchovy)
 Stolephorus indicus (van Hasselt, 1823) (Indian anchovy)
 Stolephorus insularis Hardenberg, 1933 (Hardenberg's anchovy)
 Stolephorus multibranchus Wongratana, 1987 (Caroline anchovy)
 Stolephorus nelsoni Wongratana, 1987 (Nelson's anchovy)
 Stolephorus pacificus W. J. Baldwin, 1984 (Pacific anchovy)
 Stolephorus ronquilloi Wongratana, 1983 (Ronquillo's anchovy)
 Stolephorus shantungensis (G. L. Li, 1978)
 Stolephorus teguhi Seishi Kimura, K. Hori & Shibukawa, 2009 (Sulawesi anchovy)
 Stolephorus tri (Bleeker, 1852) (Spined anchovy)
 Stolephorus waitei D. S. Jordan & Seale, 1926 (Spotty-face anchovy)


Allikad
ENE
Engraulidae FishBase's (veebruar 2014)

Vaata lisaks:

Heeringalised (Clupeiformes)
Anchoovised (Engraulis)
Anchoovis ehk hamsa (Engraulis encrasicholus)
Kalale.ee KIK