ahvenlased (Percidae)

Ahvenlased (Percidae), ahvenaliste seltsi pärisahvenaliste alamseltsi sugukond; peamiselt põhjapoolkera mageveekogudes ja riimvetes levinud röövkalad. Koonilised hambad kinnituvad peale lõualuude veel mitmele teisele suuõõne luule. 
Eesti vetes esindatud 3 liigiga: ahven, koha ja kiisk.

Sugukonda kuulub 204 liiki, kes jagunevad 10 perekonda: 
(Loomade Elu 4. kd Kalad 9 perekonda enam kui 100 liigiga)

Loendis on toodud inglisekeelne liiginimi, ladinakeelne liiginimi (kursiivis), kirjeldaja nimi ja määramisaasta, eestikeelne nimi (olemasolul).

Ammocrypta (sand darters), liivakalad
Naked sand darter, A. beanii Jordan, 1877
Florida sand darter, A. bifascia Williams, 1975
Western sand darter, A. clara Jordan & Meek, 1885
Southern sand darter, A. meridiana Williams, 1975
Eastern sand darter, A. pellucida Agassiz, 1863
Scaly sand darter, A. vivax Hay, 1882

Crystallaria
Crystal darter, C. asprella Jordan, 1878
Diamond darter, C. cincotta Welsh & Wood, 2008

Etheostoma (smoothbelly darters)
Sharphead darter, E. acuticeps Bailey, 1959
Coppercheek darter, E. aquali Williams & Etnier, 1978
Redspot darter, E. artesiae Hay, 1881
Mud darter, E. asprigene Forbes, 1878
Cumberland snubnose darter, E. atripinne Jordan, 1877
Conchos darter, E. australe Jordan, 1889
Emerald darter, E. baileyi Page & Burr, 1982
Teardrop darter, E. barbouri Kuehne & Small, 1971
Splendid darter, E. barrenense Burr & Page, 1982
Corrugated darter,  E. basilare Page, Hardman & Near, 2003
Warrior darter, E. bellator Suttkus & Bailey, 1993
Orangefin darter, E. bellum Zorach, 1968
Buffalo darter, E. bison Ceas & Page, 1997
Greenside darter, E. blennioides Rafinesque, 1819
Blenny darter, E. blennius Gilbert & Swain, 1887
Slackwater darter, E. boschungi Wall & Williams, 1974
Holiday darter, E. brevirostrum Suttkus & Etnier, 1991
Brook darter, E. burri Ceas & Page, 1997
Rainbow darter, E. caeruleum Storer, 1845
Bluebreast darter, E. camurum Cope, 1870
Chickasaw darter, E. cervus Powers & Mayden, 2003
Vermilion darter, E. chermocki Boschung, Mayden & Tomelleri, 1992
Relict darter, E. chienense Page & Ceas, 1992
Greenfin darter, E. chlorobranchium Zorach, 1972
Bluntnose darter, E. chlorosoma (Hay, 1881)
Lipstick darter, E. chuckwachatte Mayden & Wood, 1993
Ashy darter, E. cinereum Storer, 1845
Creole darter, E. collettei Birdsong & Knapp, 1969
Carolina darter, E. collis (Hubbs & Cannon, 1935)
Coastal darter, E. colorosum Suttkus & Bailey, 1993
Coosa darter, E. coosae (Fowler, 1945)
Crown darter, E. corona Page & Ceas, 1992
Arkansas darter, E. cragini Gilbert, 1885
Fringed darter, E. crossopterum Braasch & Mayden, 1985.
Choctawhatchee darter, E. davisoni Hay, 1885
Golden darter, E. denoncourti Stauffer & van Snik, 1997
Stone darter, E. derivativum Page, Hardman & Near, 2003.
Coldwater darter, E. ditrema Ramsey & Suttkus, 1965
Tuskaloossa darter, E. douglasi Wood & Mayden, 1993
Black darter, E. duryi Henshall, 1889
Brown darter, E. edwini (Hubbs & Cannon, 1935)
Cherry darter, E. etnieri Bouchard, 1977
Etowah darter, E. etowahae Wood & Mayden, 1993
Arkansas saddled darter, E. euzonum Hubbs & Black, 1940
Iowa darter, E. exile Girard, 1859
Fantail darter, E. flabellare Rafinesque, 1819
Saffron darter, E. flavum Etnier & Bailey, 1989
Fountain darter, E. fonticola Jordan & Gilbert, 1886
Barrens darter, E. forbesi Page & Ceas, 1992
Strawberry darter, E. fragi Distler, 1968
Savannah darter, E. fricksium Hildebrand, 1923
Swamp darter, E. fusiforme Girard, 1854
Slough darter, E. gracile Girard, 1859
Rio Grande darter, E. grahami Girard, 1859
Tuckasegee darter, E. gutselli (Hildebrand, 1932)
Harlequin darter, E. histrio Jordan & Gilbert, 1887
Christmas darter, E. hopkinsi (Fowler, 1945)
Turquoise darter, E. inscriptum Jordan & Brayton, 1878
Blueside darter, E. jessiae Jordan & Brayton, 1878
Greenbreast darter, E. jordani Gilbert, 1891
Yoke darter, ''E. juliae Meek, 1891
Kanawha darter, E. kanawhae (Raney, 1941)
Highland Rim darter, E. kantuckeense Ceas & Page, 1997
Stripetail darter, E. kennicotti (Putnam, 1863)
Tombigbee darter, E. lachneri Suttkus & Bailey, 1994
Headwater darter, E. lawrencei Ceas & Burr, 2002
Greenthroat darter, E. lepidum Baird & Girard, 1853
Longfin darter, E. longimanum Jordan, 1888
Tufa darter, E. lugoi Norris & Minckley, 1997
Redband darter, E. luteovinctum Gilbert & Swain, 1887
Brighteye darter, E. lynceum Hay, 1885
Spotted darter, E. maculatum Kirtland, 1841
Pinewoods darter, E. mariae Fowler, 1947
Smallscale darter, E. microlepidum Raney & Zorach, 1967
Least darter, E. microperca Jordan & Gilbert, 1888
Yellowcheek darter, E. moorei Raney & Suttkus, 1964
Lollipop darter, E. neopterum Howell & Dingerkus, 1978
Niangua darter, E. nianguae Gilbert & Meek, 1887
Blackfin darter, E. nigripinne Braasch & Mayden, 1985
Johnny darter, E. nigrum Rafinesque, 1820
Watercress darter, E. nuchale Howell & Caldwell, 1965
Barcheek darter, E. obeyense Kirsch, 1892
Okaloosa darter, E. okaloosae (Fowler, 1941).
Sooty darter, E. olivaceum Braasch & Page, 1979
Tessellated darter, E. olmstedi Storer, 1842
Guardian darter, E. oophylax Ceas & Page, 1992
Finescale saddled darter ehk candy darter, E. osburni (Hubbs & Trautman, 1932)
Paleback darter, E. pallididorsum Distler & Metcalf, 1962, harilik pärisdarter
Goldstripe darter, E. parvipinne Gilbert & Swain, 1887
Duskytail darter, E. percnurum Jenkins, 1994
Waccamaw darter, E. perlongum (Hubbs & Raney, 1946).
Rush darter, E. phytophilum Bart & Taylor, 1999.
Riverweed darter, E. podostemone Jordan & Jenkins, 1889
Mexican darter ehk Chihuahua darter, ''E. pottsii Girard, 1859
Cypress darter, E. proeliare (Hay, 1881)
Egg-mimic darter, E. pseudovulatum Page & Ceas, 1992
Stippled darter, E. punctulatum Agassiz, 1854
Firebelly darter, E. pyrrhogaster Bailey & Etnier, 1988

Etheostoma (cont.)
Orangebelly darter, E. radiosum Hubbs & Black, 1941
Kentucky darter, E. rafinesquei Burr & Page, 1982
Alabama darter, E. ramseyi Suttkus & Bailey, 1994
Yazoo darter, E. raneyi Suttkus & Bart, 1994
Bayou darter, E. rubrum Raney & Suttkus, 1966
Rock darter, E. rupestre Gilbert & Swain, 1887
Arrow darter, E. sagitta Jordan & Swain, 1883
Saluda darter, E. saludae Hubbs & Cannon, 1935
Bloodfin darter, 'E. sanguifluum Cope, 1870
Cherokee darter, E. scotti Bauer, Etnier & Burkhead, 1995
Río Salado darter, E. segrex Norris & Minckley, 1997
Maryland darter, E. sellare (Radcliffe & Welsh, 1913)
Etheostoma sequatchiense Burr, 1979
Sawcheek darter, E. serrifer Hubbs & Cannon, 1935
Snubnose darter, E. simoterum Cope, 1868
Slabrock darter, E. smithi Page & Braasch, 1976
Orangethroat darter, E. spectabile Agassiz, 1854
Spottail darter, E. squamiceps Jordan, 1877
Speckled darter, E. stigmaeum Jordan, 1877
Striated darter, E. striatulum Page & Braasch, 1977
Cumberland darter, E. susanae Jordan & Swain, 1883
Gulf darter, E. swaini Jordan, 1884
Swannanoa darter, E. swannanoa Jordan & Evermann, 1889
Tallapoosa darter, E. tallapoosae Suttkus & Etnier, 1991
Shawnee darter, E. tecumsehi Ceas & Page, 1997
Missouri saddled darter, E. tetrazonum Hubbs & Black, 1940
Seagreen darter, E. thalassinum Jordan & Brayton, 1878
Tippecanoe darter, E. tippecanoe Jordan & Evermann, 1890
Trispot darter, E. trisella Bailey & Richards, 1963
Tuscumbia darter, E. tuscumbia Gilbert & Swain, 1887
Current darter, ''E. uniporum Distler, 1968
Variegate darter, E. variatum Kirtland, 1838
Striped darter, E. virgatum Jordan, 1880
Glassy darter, E. vitreum Cope, 1870
Wounded darter, E. vulneratum Cope, 1870
Boulder darter, E. wapiti Etnier & Williams, 1989
Redfin darter, E. whipplei Girard, 1859
Banded darter, E. zonale Cope, 1868
Backwater darter, E. zonifer Hubbs & Cannon, 1935
Bandfin darter, E. zonistium Bailey & Etnier, 1988

Gymnocephalus (Eurasian ruffes), kiisad
Donets ruffe, G. acerina Güldenstädt, 1774, jõekiisk
Ammersee ruffe, G. ambriaelacus Geiger & Schliewen, 2010
Balon's ruffe ehk Danube ruffe, G. baloni Holcík & Hensel, 1974, baloni kiisk
Eurasian ruffe, G. cernua Linnaeus, 1758, harilik kiisk
Striped ruffe, G. schraetser Linnaeus, 1758, vöödiline kiisk

Perca (European perches), ahvenad
Yellow perch, P. flavescens (Mitchill, 1814), kollane ahven
European perch, P. fluviatilis Linnaeus, 1758, harilik ahven e euroopa ahven
Balkhash perch, P. schrenkii Kessler, 1874, balhashi ahven

Percarina
Common percarina, P. demidoffi Nordmann, 1840, perkariin

Percina (roughbelly darters ja logperches, umbes 45 liiki), sebrakalad

Romanichthys, võldasahvenad
Asprete, R. valsanicola Dumitrescu, Banarescu & Stoica, 1957, võldasahven

Sander (pike-perches), kohad
Sauger, S. canadensis Griffith & Smith, 1834, kanada koha
Zander, S. lucioperca Linnaeus, 1758, harilik koha
Estuarine perch, S. marinus Cuvier, 1828, merikoha
Walleye, S. vitreus Mitchill, 1818, heleuim-koha
Volga pikeperch, S. volgensis (Gmelin, 1789), jõekoha e bersch

Zingel
Rhone streber, Z. asper Linnaeus, 1758
Zingel balcanicus Karaman, 1937
Danube streber, Z. streber (Siebold, 1863)
Zingel, Z. zingel Linnaeus, 1766

Allikad:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percidae
Loomade Elu, 4 kd Kalad, Tallinn 1979

Vaata lisaks:

Kohad (Sander)
Kiisad (Gymnocephalus)
Ahvenad (Perca)
Ahvenalised (Perciformes)
Ahven (Perca fluviatilis)
Kalale.ee KIK