Merikogerlased (Sparidae)

Merikogerlased (Sparidae) on kalade sugukond, mis kuulub ahvenaliste (Perciformes) seltsi.

Merikogerlased on pikliku või kõrge, külgedelt pisut kokkusurutud kehaga. Seljauimi on üks, 10-13 ogakiirega ja 10-15 pehmekiirega. Seljauime ogakiiri saab kokku lasta seljal asuvasse vakku. Pärakuuimes on kolm tugevat oga. Eeskaaneluu serv on sirge. Üldiselt tugevate hammaste ehitus on perekonniti väga erinev, sõltuvalt toidust. Hammaste ehitus on sugukonnas peamiseks süstemaatiliseks tunnuseks.
Sugukonda kuulub palju peamiselt troopiliste merekalade perekondi ja liike. Kõige rohkem liike on Atlandi ookeani idaosas, kõige vähem liike India ookeani idaosas ja Vaikses ookeanis.
Merikogerlased elavad eranditult selfi piirides, väljudes harva selle servale. Nende suurus on väga erinev — 10 cm-st kuni 1,5 m-ni. Toitumisviisi järgi kuulub siia tüüpilisi taimtoidulisi, planktontoidulisi ja röövtoidulisi kalu.
Paljud merikogerlased on tähtsad ookeani traalpüügi objektid.

Sugukonda kuulub 125 kalaliiki 37 perekonnast, mis allpool on esitatud internetipõhise andmekogu Fishbase põhjal.
Loendis on toodud kursiivis ladinakeelne liiginimi, boldis inglisekeelne liiginimi (kui on olemas), sulgudes kirjeldaja ning kirjeldusaeg ning seejärel boldis eestikeelne pere- või liiginimi, kui see on olemas.

Perekond Acanthopagrus
Acanthopagrus akazakii (Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino, 2006)
Acanthopagrus australis, yellowfin bream (Gunther, 1859)
Acanthopagrus berda, picnic seabream (Forsskål, 1775)
Acanthopagrus bifasciatus, twobar seabream (Forsskål, 1775)
Acanthopagrus butcheri, southern black bream (Munro, 1949)
Acanthopagrus latus, yellowfin seabream (Houttuyn, 1782)
Acanthopagrus palmaris, northwest black bream (Whitley, 1935)
Acanthopagrus schlegelii czerskii (Berg, 1914)
Acanthopagrus schlegelii schlegelii, black porgy (Bleeker, 1854), ogapagrus
Acanthopagrus sivicolus, Okinawa seabream (Akazaki, 1962)
Acanthopagrus taiwanensis (Iwatsuki & Carpenter, 2006)

Perekond Allotaius
Allotaius spariformis (Ogilby, 1910)

Perekond Archosargus
Archosargus pourtalesii, blackspot porgy (Steindachner, 1881)
Archosargus probatocephalus, sheepshead seabream (Walbaum, 1792)
Archosargus rhomboidalis, western Atlantic seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)

Perekond Argyrops
Argyrops bleekeri, Taiwan tai (Oshima, 1927)
Argyrops filamentosus, soldierbream (Valenciennes, 1830)
Argyrops megalommatus (Klunzinger, 1870)
Argyrops spinifer, king soldierbream (Forsskål, 1775), niitogaahven

Perekond Argyrozona
Argyrozona argyrozona, carpenter seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)

Perekond  Boops, kuldvöötahvenad
Boops boops, bogue (Linnaeus, 1758), suursilm-kuldvöötahven
Boops lineatus, striped boga (Boulenger, 1892)

Perekond Boopsoidea
Boopsoidea inornata, fransmadam (Castelnau, 1861)

Perekond Calamus, porgid
Calamus arctifrons, grass porgy (Goode & Bean, 1882)
Calamus bajonado, jolthead porgy (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Calamus brachysomus, Pacific porgy (Lockington, 1880)
Calamus calamus, saucereye porgy (Valenciennes, 1830)
Calamus campechanus, Campeche porgy (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
Calamus cervigoni, spotfin porgy (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
Calamus leucosteus, whitebone porgy (Jordan & Gilbert, 1885)
Calamus mu, flathead porgy (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
Calamus nodosus, knobbed porgy (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
Calamus penna, sheepshead porgy (Valenciennes, 1830)
Calamus pennatula, Pluma porgy (Guichenot, 1868)
Calamus proridens, littlehead porgy (Jordan & Gilbert, 1884)
Calamus taurinus, Galapagos porgy (Jenyns, 1840)

Perekond Cheimerius
Cheimerius matsubarai, hoshierenko (Akazaki, 1962)
Cheimerius nufar, Santer seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)

Perekond Chrysoblephus
Chrysoblephus anglicus, Englishman seabream (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
Chrysoblephus cristiceps, daggerhead seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
Chrysoblephus gibbiceps, red stumpnose seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
Chrysoblephus laticeps, Roman seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
Chrysoblephus lophus, false red stumpnose (Fowler, 1925)
Chrysoblephus puniceus, slinger seabream (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)

Perekond Crenidens
Crenidens crenidens, Karenteen seabream (Forsskål, 1775)

Perekond Cymatoceps
Cymatoceps nasutus, Poenskop seabream (Castelnau, 1861)

Perekond Dentex, hammasahvenad
Dentex angolensis, Angola dentex (Poll & Maul, 1953)
Dentex barnardi, Barnard's dentex (Cadenat, 1970)
Dentex canariensis, Canary dentex (Steindachner, 1881)
Dentex congoensis, Congo dentex (Poll, 1954)
Dentex dentex, common dentex (Linnaeus, 1758), harilik hammasahven
Dentex fourmanoiri (Akazaki & Séret, 1999)
Dentex gibbosus, pink dentex (Rafinesque, 1810), roosa hammasahven
Dentex macrophthalmus, large-eye dentex (Bloch, 1791), suursilm-hammasahven
Dentex maroccanus, Morocco dentex (Valenciennes, 1830), maroko hammasahven
Dentex tumifrons, yellowback seabream (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)

Perekond Diplodus, peitelhammasahvenad
Diplodus annularis, annular seabream (Linnaeus, 1758), harilik peitelhammas e laskiir
Diplodus argenteus argenteus, South American silver porgy (Valenciennes, 1830)
Diplodus argenteus caudimacula, silver porgy (Poey, 1860)
Diplodus bellottii, Senegal seabream (Steindachner, 1882)
Diplodus bermudensis, Bermuda porgy (Caldwell, 1965)
Diplodus capensis, Cape white seabream (Smith, 1844)
Diplodus cervinus cervinus, zebra seabream (Lowe, 1838)
Diplodus cervinus hottentotus, zebra (Smith, 1844)
Diplodus cervinus omanensis, Oman porgy (Bauchot & Bianchi, 1984)
Diplodus fasciatus, banded seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
Diplodus holbrookii, spottail pinfish (Bean, 1878)
Diplodus noct, Red Sea seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
Diplodus prayensis, two-banded seabream (Cadenat, 1964)
Diplodus puntazzo, sharpsnout seabream (Cetti, 1777)
Diplodus sargus sargus, white seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
Diplodus sargus ascensionis (Valenciennes, 1830)
Diplodus sargus cadenati, Moroccan white seabream (de la Paz, Bauchot & Daget, 1974)
Diplodus sargus helenae, St. Helena white seabream (Sauvage, 1879)
Diplodus sargus kotschyi, one-spot seabream (Steindachner, 1876)
Diplodus sargus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
Diplodus vulgaris, common two-banded seabream (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)

Perekond Evynnis
Evynnis cardinalis, threadfin porgy (Lacepède, 1802)
Evynnis japonica, crimson seabream (Tanaka, 1931)

Perekond Gymnocrotaphus
Gymnocrotaphus curvidens, janbruin (Günther, 1859)

Perekond Lagodon
Lagodon rhomboides, pinfish (Linnaeus, 1766)

Perekond Lithognathus
Lithognathus aureti, west coast seabream (Smith, 1962)
Lithognathus lithognathus, white steenbras (Cuvier, 1829)
Lithognathus mormyrus, striped seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
Lithognathus olivieri, steenbras (Penrith & Penrith, 1969)

Perekond Oblada
Oblada melanura, saddled seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)

Perekond Pachymetopon
Pachymetopon aeneum, blue hottentot (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
Pachymetopon blochii, Hottentot seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
Pachymetopon grande, bronze seabream (Günther, 1859)

Perekond Pagellus, besuugod
Pagellus acarne, axillary seabream (Risso, 1827)
Pagellus affinis, Arabian pandora (Boulenger, 1888)
Pagellus bellottii, red pandora (Steindachner, 1882)
Pagellus bogaraveo, blackspot seabream (Brünnich, 1768), besuugo
Pagellus erythrinus, common pandora (Linnaeus, 1758), punane besuugo
Pagellus natalensis, Natal pandora (Steindachner, 1903)

Perekond Pagrus, pagrused
Pagrus africanus, southern common seabream (Akazaki, 1962)
Pagrus auratus, Australasian snapper (Forster, 1801)
Pagrus auriga, redbanded seabream (Valenciennes, 1843), kutsar-pagrus
Pagrus caeruleostictus, bluespotted seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
Pagrus major, red seabream (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843), suur pagrus
Pagrus pagrus, common seabream (Linnaeus, 1758), harilik pagrus

Perekond Parargyrops
Parargyrops edita (Tanaka, 1916)

Perekond Petrus
Petrus rupestris, red steenbras (Valenciennes, 1830)

Perekond Polyamblyodon
Polyamblyodon germanum, German seabream (Barnard, 1934)
Polyamblyodon gibbosum, knife-back seabream (Pellegrin, 1914)

Perekond Polysteganus
Polysteganus baissaci, Frenchman seabream (Smith, 1978)
Polysteganus coeruleopunctatus, blueskin seabream (Klunzinger, 1870)
Polysteganus mascarenensis Iwatsuki & Heemstra, 2011
Polysteganus praeorbitalis, Scotsman seabream (Günther, 1859)
Polysteganus undulosus, seventy-four seabream (Regan, 1908)

Perekond Porcostoma
Porcostoma dentata, Dane seabream (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)

Perekond Ptreogymnus
Pterogymnus laniarius, Panga seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)

Perekond Rhabdosargus
Rhabdosargus globiceps, white stumpnose (Valenciennes, 1830)
Rhabdosargus haffara, Haffara seabream (Forsskål, 1775)
Rhabdosargus holubi, Cape stumpnose (Steindachner, 1881)
Rhabdosargus sarba, tarwhine (Forsskål, 1775)
Rhabdosargus thorpei, bigeye stumpnose (Smith, 1979)

Perekond Sarpa
Sarpa salpa, salema (Linnaeus, 1758)

Perekond Sparidentex
Sparidentex hasta, Sobaity seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)

Perekond Sparodon
Sparodon durbanensis, musselcracker seabream (Castelnau, 1861)

Perekond Sparus, merikogred
Sparus aurata, gilthead seabream (Linnaeus, 1758), kuld-merikoger, doraado

Perekond Spondyliosoma
Spondyliosoma cantharus, black seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
Spondyliosoma emarginatum, Steentje seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)

Perekond Stenotomus, skapid
Stenotomus caprinus, longspine porgy (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
Stenotomus chrysops, scup (Linnaeus, 1766), põhjaskapp

Perekond Virididentex
Virididentex acromegalus, bulldog dentex (Osório, 1911)

Allikad:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sparidae
Loomade elu, 4. kd Kalad. Tallinn, 1979

Vaata lisaks:

Besuugod (Pagellus)
Kuldvöötahvenad (Boops)
Pagrused (Pagrus)
Hammasahvenad (Dentex)
Kuld-merikoger ehk doraado (Sparus aurata)
Ahvenalised (Perciformes)
Kalale.ee KIK